Timeline of Oakwood

1788 to 1916

 

1916

The brick Murphey School budding is built

1934

The streetcar system is shut down and bus service begins.

1937

Krispy Kreme opens a donut bakery at 304 Pace Street

1950

The Oakwood Garden Club is organized with 15 charter members. This is the first documented use of "Oakwood" as the name ofthe neighborhood.

1960

The Murphey School becomes the first racially integrated school in Raleigh, when William Campbell enrolls as its first black student.

1965

The State Capital Planning Commission adopts a plan that proposes a north-south expressway runnin g between Bloodworth and East Streets. It notes that the State Highway Commission and the City ofRaleigh are undertaking a major transportation study. In addition to the highway, the plan proposes lakes and park like grounds near the Legislative Building and Governor's Mansion.

1969

The Murphey School closes due to low enrollment.

1971

The North Carolina Medical Society builds its new headquarters at 222 N. Person St., after demolishing three historic houses on the site. Five more historic houses are eventually demolished to accommodate its parking lot and side yard.

October 5, 1972

The City ofRaleigh announces a plan for a North-South Expressway which would obliterate Oakwood between East and Bloodworth Streets. This road is part ofRaleigh's Thoroughfare Plan, which had been adopted in 1967.

October 19, 1972

The first Oakwood neighborhood meeting is held at the Emmanuel Pentecostal Holiness Church on Polk St. A petition stating opposition to the expressway had been circulated and 1034 signatures had been obtained. A committee is appointed to develop articles ofincorporation and bylaws.

October 26, 1972

A nominating committee is appointed to recommend a slate of officers.

November 1, 1972

The Society for the Preservation ofHistoric Oakwood (SPHO) is incorporated

November 11, 1972

With 80 in attendance, officers and directors ofthe SPHO are elected.

November 20, 1972

Raleigh City Council approves the revitalization plan minus the North-South Expressway; this does not kill the expressway plan, but gives Oakwood a temporary reprieve.

December 15, 1972

The first Oakwood Candlelight Tour is held.

April 13, 1973

Meredith Collegepresents the OakwoodProject, featuring interviews with older Oakwood residents, and case studies of blocks of Oakwood homes.

June 3, 1974

Oakwood is designated a National Register Historic District. The original district extends south to the rear of the properties on the south side of E. Jones Street, north to the rear ofthe properties on the north side of
N. BoundaryStreet, east to the center of Linden Avenue and Oakwood Cemetery, inclusive, and west to the center of N. Person Street, plus 401 and 403 N. Person Street.

June 4, 1974

City Council votes unanimouslyagainst the North-South Expressway, although it remains in the Raleigh Thoroughfare Plan for two more years.

May, 1975

Garland Tucker donates the Tucker House to the City and it is moved ifrom 420 N. Blount St. to 418 N. Person St. to avoid demolition by the state for a parking lot. It is to be used as an Oakwood-Mordecai
meeting house.

June 3, 1975

The Raleigh City Coimcil designates Oakwood as the first Raleigh local historic district.

Late 1975

The State announces it will not tear down any more houses on N. Blount and N. Person Streets, until some sort of a plan is in place.

1976

The Oakwood Garden Club establishes a park at the comer of Oakwood Avenue and Linden Avenue, which would later be named Vallie Henderson Park.

October, 1979

Raleigh represented by Ira Botvinick, won ASP Associates v. Raleigh, which upheld the historic district ordinance. This is an extremely important case to historic districts all over NC.

February, 1981

The SPHO embarks on its first "revolving fund" project, purchasing and renovating 217 Linden Ave.

June, 1984

The Oakwood Inn opens at 411 N. Bloodworth Street. It had been purchased, renovatedand and furnished by a group of Oakwood neighbors.

October 11, 1987

The Oakwood National Register Historic District is expanded to include properties on the east side of Linden Avenue.

November 4, 1987

The Oakwood National Register Historic District is expanded southward as far as the propertieson the south side of E. Morgan St. (now Morson St.), between Person St. and East St.

May 2, 1988

The Oakwood National Register Historic District is expanded northward as far as properties on both sides of E. Franklin Street, west to properties on west side of N. Bloodworth Street almost as far as Sasser Street and east to Watauga Street.

November 6, 1990

The SPHO purchases the lot at comer of N. East St. and N. BoundarySt. and begins the creation of a city park, the Oakwood Common, which is dedicated in 1993.